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Shapes and patterns


All shapes have names to describe them.

Flat shapes:  Flat shapes are two-dimensional, or 2-D.  That means they have height and width, but not depth.



A pentagon has five sides   



Every point on a circle is the same distance from its center.  



 A quadrilateral is a shape with four sides. 


A square has four equal sides and four corners that match.


A triangle has three sides. 


A rectangle has two pairs of matching sides and four corners that match.

 A hexagon has six sides.

Solid and hollow shapes are describes as three-dimensional, or 3-D.  A flat surface of a

3-D shape is called a face.


A pyramid has four triangular faces.

A triangular prism has two triangular faces.




A rectangular prism has 3 rectangular faces.

A sphere is a perfectly round ball. 


A cube has six faces.



A cone stands on its one circular face.


A cylinder has two circular faces.




A hexagonal prism has two hexagonal faces.