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Division is the process of finding out how many times one number, the divisor, will fit into another number, the dividend.  The division sentence results in a quotient.  The signs of division are which mean divided by.  You can think of division as a series of repeated subtractions, for example, 40 10 could also solved by subtracting 10 from 40 four times:

40 − 10 − 10 − 10 − 10 = 0

Because 10 can be subtracted four times, you can say that 40 can be divided by 10 four times, or 40 10 = 4.



Many numbers do not fit evenly into other numbers.  They are not evenly divisible by those numbers, and the number left over is called the remainder.